Natalia Dziubenko-Mace, Compiler
Olexiy Kopytko, in Charge of Publication
Olena Yuznovska, Cover Design
International Foundation "Ukraine 3000"
Viktor Yushchenko, Head of the Supervisory Council
Kyiv, Ukraine 2003, ISBN 966-594-466-5
TO THE READERS
The holodomor of 1932-33 is one of the most terrifying pages in the
history of the Ukrainian people. In this period, during a mere 17 months,
millions of hearts stopped beating. Practically no family avoided the
misery, the loss of relatives because of starvation. In the spring of 1933,
across the country 17 people were dying every minute, one thousand every
hour, and almost 25 thousand every day.
Remembering about holodomor, we are obliged not to let the genocide
repeat itself in the future, we must not allow the anti-people power, no
matter what it is called, to be able to destroy people's lives.
Front Cover of the Brochure
(Click on images to enlarge them)
The 70th anniversary of holodomor takes place in the year of 2003.
Today, when the truth about the famine becomes accessible, we must
understand that the objective assessment of those terrible events cannot be
directed only to the past, it has to be directed to the future. Studying the
old events it is highly important to remember that the main reason this all
done is to unite people in all of Ukraine around a common historical memory.
The International Foundation 'Ukraine-3000' considers one of its priority
fields of work to deliver the truth about the Holodomor as a terrible crime
against people to the citizens of Ukraine. To do this the program "Lessons
of History: Holodomor 1932-33" was established by the foundation.
It is our belief that all the events that will be taking place in the
the anniversary must be aimed to commemorate the victims of Holodomor,
helping those people who survived it, and overcoming its consequences, first
of all on the level of national self-conscience.
I call upon all who are not indifferent to Ukraine's future, to join this
Head of the Supervisory Council of the
International Foundation 'Ukraine-3000'
Back Cover of the Brochure
In this work there are documents, facts, Holodomor witnesses testimonies
and other materials which persuasively demonstrate that this tragedy was
the result of deliberate policy of Stalin's regime aimed against the
Ukrainian people. In particular in this work there have been analyzed
the basic causes of the Holodomor, the chronology of events of 1932-33,
the reaction of the Soviet government and the international community to
the situation in Ukraine, Kuban and the northern Caucuses, and also there
are given the major conclusions regarding the consequences of the
The purpose of this work: to attract the public attention to this horrifying
page of Ukrainian history and to involve people into commemorating the
memory of those died during the Holodomor.
The main idea of this work: such tragedy should never happen again in
The publication is meant for everybody who is not indifferent to the
history, to the present time and to the future of Ukraine.
This publication is prepared based on the research and with participation
V. K. Borysenko, doctor of historical sciences, Taras Shevchenko Kyiv
National University, department of ethnology and local lore
N. Y. Dziubenko-Mace, member of the Writers Union of Ukraine
V. I. Marochka, doctor of historical sciences, Institute of History of
Ukraine, Center of Genocide and Holodomor Research
J. Mace, professor of history, National University 'Kyiv-Mohyla
Academy,' department of political sciences
V. M. Piskun, candidate of doctor of historical sciences, Taras Shevchenko
Kyiv National University, Center of Ukrainian Studies
V. I. Sergiychuk, doctor of historical sciences, Taras Shevchenko
Kyiv National University, Center of Ukrainian Studies
U. I. Shapoval, Institute of Political and Enthnonational Research of
the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Center of Historical
To the reader/page 4 [by Viktor Yushchenko]
What is holodomor?/page 8
The chronicle of Holodomor events/page 13
The voice of history: the famine witnesses testimony/page 24
"Torgsins": the golden price of life of Ukrainian peasants/page 33
Holodomor and cannibalism: the curse of year 1933/page 36
How the world was moving towards the recognition of Holodomor of
years 1932-33 the act of genocide against Ukrainian nation/page 37
"The Candle in the Window?" instead of conclusion/page 46
In the design of the cover, the picture of the memorial sign the victims
the holodomor years 1932-33 was used. (Kyiv, Mykhailivska Square;
artist V. Perevalsky; architect M. Kysly.)
In the brochure photographs from the Collection of Kyiv City
Organization of All-Ukrainian Society Memorial named after V. Stus,
from the collection of Central State Cinema and Audio Archives of
Ukraine names after H.S. Pshenychy Pshenychny and also the
materials of the website of the State Committee of Archives of Ukraine
PHOTOGRAPHS IN THE BROCHURE
EDITORS NOTE: There are eleven photographs shown in this brochure.
Several of the photographs shown in this publication have been documented
years ago to have not been taken in Ukraine during 1932-33. Photographs
one, seven, eight, and possibly eleven, where taken in the Volga River
of Russia, Soviet Union during the tragic Soviet Union famine of 1921-23.
Photo 1. "The mass burial site of the Holodomor victims in the vicinity of
Kharkiv," page 8.
[Editor: This photograph is not correctly identified in the brochure. The
photo has been documented to be of a cemetery in the Volga River region,
Russia, Soviet Union, and was taken in the early 1920's. The photograph
was not taken in the Kharkiv region of Ukraine in 1932-33 during the
1921-23 Soviet famine.]
Photo 2. "Activitists from the village of Udachne, Donetsk Region with
the confiscated heads of wheat near the village council, 1933," page 14.
Photo 3. "The land which used to feed half Europe could not bury all
the victims of famine," page 16.
[Editor: There are some who do not believe this photograph was taken
in Ukraine in 1932-33. There is some indications this photo was one of
those taken in the Volga River region of Russia, Soviet Union in 1932-33.
Strong, reliable, provable documentation that it was actually taken in
Ukraine has not been found.]
Photo 4. "The dekurkulized family near their house, 1930's twentieth
century," page 18.
Photo 5. "Departure of train with grain from Dnipropetrovsk, 1932,"
Photo 6. "Departure of grain from the collective farm Chervony Step
to the grain procurement station, Kyiv Region, 1932." page 22.
Photo 7. "Little witnesses of the tragedy," page 25.
[Editor: The photograph shows nine young children sitting on a bench.
The brochure implies the photo was taken in Ukraine. This photograph
was not taken in Ukraine in 1932-33. The photograph has been
documented to have been taken in the Volga River region of Russia,
Soviet Union, in the early 1920's during the 1921-23 Soviet famine.]
Photo 8. "The harvest of sorrow, page 27."
[Editor: This photograph shows a dead, frozen body being loaded onto
a wagon by two men with another man standing in front of the wagon on
the left side. The brochure implies that this photograph was taken in
Ukraine during 1932-33. This photograph has been documented to have
been taken in the Volga River region of Russia, Soviet Union, in the early
1920's during the 1921-23 Soviet famine.]
Photo 9. "Children are gathering frozen potatoes on the collective farm
field in the village of Udachne, Donetsk Region, 1933," page 30.
[Editor: It is not clear to us that the frozen potatoes gathered here were
actually given to victims of the famine. Groups of people this large were
not normally allowed to gather and collect food for famine victims. This
photograph looks more like an activity that was approved, organized,
and implemented by a collective farm and all the potatoes would then
have been under the control of the farm authorities.]
Photo 10. The USSR did not admit famine but continuously searched
for the "enemies." Document shown in the photo says: Away with the
kurkuls' servants, take the bread to the state. To finish the grain
procurement till Friday, January 27 in time for the session of the district
party committee and RKK. page 38.
Photo 11. "The child of the Holodomor," page 42, photograph shows
a lady and a young, naked child.
[Editor: This photograph has been the subject of much controversy since
it first appeared in several Hearst newspapers in the United States in the
mid-1930's. The are many who do not believe this photograph was taken
in Ukraine in 1932-33. The only evidence that is was in that the Hearst
newspapers said it was taken in Ukraine. Many of the photographs
shown in the Hearst newspaper articles that were stated to be taken in
Ukraine have been proven to have been taken in the Volga River
region of Russia ten years earlier during the Soviet famine of 1921-23.
Some Ukrainian publications say this is a sister and brother but it is
difficult to understand this when looking at the major differences between
the two persons in the photograph in terms of their health, clothing, etc.]
The material from the brochure was researched, translated from the original
Ukrainian in English, edited and posted by the www.ArtUkraine.com
Information Service (ARTUIS). It can be used with only with full credit to
the www.ArtUkraine.com Information Service (ARTUIS).
FOR PERSONAL AND ACADEMIC USE ONLY