The Great Famine-Genocide in Soviet Ukraine (Holodomor)

  back    
FAMINE IN UKRAINE 1932-1933
  

Book Edited by Roman Serbyn and Bohdan Krawchenko
The Canadian Library of Ukrainian Studies
Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 1986
ISBN 0-92862-43-8 (bound)
Cover Design: Steve Tate

PREFACE

The man-made famine of 1932-3 in Soviet Ukraine claimed the lives of millions of people. Yet it has remained veiled in obscurity. The Soviet authorities have continued to deny that a famine occurred, admitting only that there was a worldwide hunger in the early 1930s, which affected Ukraine just as it affected other parts of the world. In the West, until the fiftieth anniversary of the event in 1982-3, few outside the Ukrainian community and a narrow group of Soviet specialists had heard about this tragedy.

(Click on image to enlarge it)

Undoubtedly one of the main reasons for the lack of public awareness about the events of the famine has been the absence of a critical body of scholarship. This volume has been an attempt to rectify this problem. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the study of the famine is in its infancy. There remain large gaps in our knowledge and, moreover, as will be seen in the essays below, scholars differ in their interpretations of some of the events. Nevertheless, the book examines many of the critical questions surrounding the famine of 1932-3.

It explores the following issues: the causes of the famine, sources of information about the event, the scope of population loss, the impact of the famine on Ukrainian society and the Western response. It also looks at the question of genocide, and whether the Ukrainian famine can be categorized with this term, and includes a comparative study of another event unfamiliar to most in the West, namely the 1921-3 famine in Ukraine, which in some respects was a "dress rehearsal" for its more devastating counterpart a decade later.

This volume consists of selected papers from a conference held at the Universite du Quebec a Montreal in 1983. The support of the above university, in addition to that of Concordia University, the Shevchenko Foundation, the Montreal Branch of Ukrainian Canadian Committee and the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies made possible not only the conference, but also the appearance of this volume.

Roman Serbyn and Bohdan Krawchenko, April 1986

 

CONTENTS

    The Man-Made Famine of 1933 in Soviet Ukraine/1 James E. Mace

    The Man-Made Famine of 1932-1933 and Collectivization in Soviet Ukraine/15, Bohdan Krawchenko

    Ukraine's Demographic Losses 1927-1938/27 M. Maksudov

    The Famine of 1933: A Survey of the Sources/45 James E. Mace

    Making the News Fit to Print: Walter Duranty, the "New York Times" and the Ukrainian Famine of 1933/67 Marco Carynnyk

    Russian Mensheviks and the Famine of 1933/97 Andre Leibich

    Blind Eye to Murder: Britain, the United States and the Ukrainian Famine of 1933/109, Marco Carynnyk

    The Impact of the Man-made Famine on the Structure of Ukrainian Society/139, Wsewolod W. Isajiw

    The Famine of 1921-1923: A Model for 1932-1933?/147 Roman Serbyn

    Conceptualizations of Genocide and Ethnocide/179 Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn

    List of Contributors/191

 
 

  back