The Great Famine-Genocide in Soviet Ukraine (Holodomor)

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RESOLUTION TO BE INTRODUCED IN BASQUE PARLIAMENT REGARDING THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GENOCIDAL UKRAINE FAMINE OF 1932-1933
  

 

----- Original Message -----
From: "XABIER ORMAETXEA"
To: orest.deychak@mail.house.govmorganw@patriot.net
Sent: Tuesday, August 12, 2003, 9:36 AM
Subject: Ukrainian famine, since Basque Country

Orest Deychakiwsky, E. Morgan Williams

 

Dear Friends:

My name is Xabier Ormaetxea, and I am the Chairman of the Foreign Affaires Commission of the Basque Parliament.

 

By this letter, I want to congratulate to Senator BEN NIGHTHORSE CAMPBELL for presenting in the US Senate the resolution regarding the 70th anniversary of the genocidal Ukraine famine of 1932-1933.

 

As friend of Ukrainian people, I have prepared a similar text that will be presented in Basque Parliament in the beginning of September and hope will be approved by unanimity in October.

 

Best wishes, Xabier Ormaetxea


 

EN RECUERDO Y CONDENA DEL 70 ANIVERSARIO DE LA HAMBRUNA GENOCIDA DE UCRANIA 1932-33

 

En este año 2003 se conmemora el 70 aniversario de la hambruna Ucraniana, un desastre artificial que produjo la muerte de millones de inocentes hombres, mujeres y niños ucranianos, y exterminó practicamente a la cuarta parte de la población rural del ese país (entre 4 y 10 millones de personas, según diversas versiones)

 

Resulta probado que un alto porcentaje de los habitantes de Ucrania, así como de los territorios poblados por ucranianos al norte del Caucaso murieron de hambre durante la hambruna de los años 1932-33, que fue causada por la colectivización forzosa y el embargo del grano efectuado por el régimen Soviético. Todas las investigaciones realizadas han concluido sin duda alguna que José Stalin y su régimen totalitario cometieron un genocidio cruel, para exterminar cualquier expresión de identidad política y cultural y el derecho de autodeterminación del pueblo ucraniano.

 

Como resultado de lo anterior, millones de ucranianos principalmente de las zonas rurales murieron de hambre sobre una de las mas fértiles tierras del mundo, mientras las autoridades soviéticas prohibían el desplazamiento de la población hacia otras áreas en las que existía alimentación abundante.

 

Las brigadas de incautación a las ordenes de Stalin requisaban el grano siguiendo unas cuotas de producción imposibles de cumplir fijadas en 1932, requisando toda la producción y reservas de las familias hambrientas, y asesinando a aquellos que se resistían. El gobierno de la URSS, conocedor de la situación de hambruna, intensificó la esquilmación de todo el producto agrícola propiciando las muertes por hambre de la población.

 

Durante estos dos años, el Gobierno soviético exportaba grano a los países occidentales y rechazó toda oferta de asistencia a la población hambrienta. Esta hambruna con resultado de millones de muertes, no fue el resultado de un desastre natural, sino la consecuencia de una política cruelmente planificada para destruir los derechos políticos, culturales y humanos del pueblo Ucraniano.

 

Mientras todo esto ocurría la UniĐn Soviética ocultó y negó sistemáticamente la existencia de la hambruna genocida, con la colaboración incluso de periodistas internacionales, y aýn hoy en día estos trágicos hechos son aun desconocidos para la mayor parte del mundo.

 

En Consecuencia con lo anteriormente expuesto

 

El Parlamento vasco resuelve

    1.- Honrar en el 70 aniversario de la hambruna Ucraniana , planificada por el régimen Soviético, a los millones de victimas inocentes causadas por la misma.

    2.- Recordar en el 70 aniversario de la hambruna ucraniana, la brutalidad totalitaria del régimen Stalinista, que despreció constantemente los derechos humanos y produjo millones de victimas

    3.- Condenar el desprecio por la vida humana, los derechos humanos y las manifestaciones de identidad nacional que caracterizaron al régimen de Stalin y causaron la hambruna Ucraniana

    4.- Declarar que la hambruna artificial ucraniana de 1932-33 constituye un autentico genocidio que encaja en la definición de la convenciĐn de las naciones unidas sobre genocidios

    5.- Apoyar los esfuerzos del gobierno de Ucrania y el Verhovna Rada (Parlamento de Ucrania) para hacer publico el conocimiento internacional de la Hambruna Ucraniana

    6.- Proclamar que una Ucrania independiente y democrática, en la que el respeto por la dignidad y los derechos humanos sea la piedra angular, es la mejor garant╠a de que atrocidades como la que recordamos nunca vuelvan a castigar al pueblo Ucraniano, y que la Integración de Ucrania en la unión Europea constituirá la mayor garantía de la permanencia de los principios democráticos y la independencia para Ucrania de cara al futuro, por lo que instamos tanto a las autoridades comunitarias, como muy especialmente a las instituciones Ucranianas a acelerar el proceso de reformas necesarias para que en el menor tiempo posible Ucrania sea un firme candidato a la adhesión a la UE.


NOTE: A second communication from Xabier Ormaetxea, member of the Basque National Party, and his special interest in Ukraine.

 

----- Original Message -----
From: "XABIER ORMAETXEA"
To: "Morgan Williams"  morganw@patriot.net
Sent: Saturday, August 16, 2003 9:50 AM
Subject: since Basque Country 2

 

Dear Morgan.

 

Thanks a lot for your most kind answer to my e-mail.

 

My name is Xabier Ormaetxea, I am 42 years old, married and with two boys, I am member of the Basque National Party since I was 15 years old, and always have been involved in foreign relations in my party.

 

As Basque Nationalist, I feel a great sympathy for any nation that works for re-establish its national identity, language, culture etc. Nationalism is nor for me a way to ask for isolation or national selfishness. No nation is better than other, and no nation has any right to rule over others, on the contrary nationalism must defend brotherhood and solidarity between nations preserving their own identities.

 

I am also an Europeist and believe and fight sincerely to create a great Europe based in the union of all European peoples, but believing that the diversity of cultures, languages etc is the real richness of Europe, that respect for diversity and the union of the European nations in a great supra-state must be the guarantee that there will not be in the future more abuses, wars, or cruel conflicts among Europeans.

 

Since 1988 I am member of the Basque Parliament, this is my 5th legislature as MP, I have been in the precedent legislatures chairman of the Industry commission, but in this one, I choose to be chairman of the European affaires and Foreign activities Commission. I am also vice-speaker of my parliamentary group (Basque Nationalists). My party is since 20 years ago (since the existence of Basque Autonomy) the main and ruling party in our autonomous community.

 

When I was elected chairman of Foreign Affaires Commission I decide that one of the main targets would be to work to have closer relations with eastern countries, and after studying the situation of them I saw clearly that Ukraine should be the main country to work.

 

Our Basque Government have an important budget for Foreign cooperation, this year is more than 30 millions euros, and I noticed that almost all use to go for projects in south America and Africa. I talked with our authorities and told them that would be good to dedicate a part of our foreign cooperation budget to eastern countries, the reasons are clear. We have European brothers that need help, and most important, European eastern countries have a bigger capability to convert economic help into real development.

 

As I was interested by Ukraine, I began to look for Ukrainian friends trough internet and I made some good ones. I also saw that the best way to establish relations between my country and Ukraine should be to begin for cooperation so I began to look for Non Governmental Organizations in Ukraine to try to cooperate with them.

 

After search on internet and send several e-mails to different NGOs I received a very kind answer from Caritas-Spes Ukraine, the Charity organization of the Roman Catholic Church. Its president, the auxiliary Bishop of Kiev Mons. Stanislaw Shirokoradiuk invited me to make a visit to Ukraine, and I did it on February 2002.

 

Before doing the visit I had an interview with the Ukrainian ambassador in Spain, he gave me good words but rejected to help me in having any kind of official contacts or meetings, so I made this first trip in what I made a good friendship with the Bishop Shirokoradiuk and also with some teachers of the agrarian university of Kiev that I met before by internet, and I must tell you that in this first trip I felt captivated by Ukraine and Kiev, even if it was impossible to have any official contact, cause as I saw there was not any interest in having contacts with Basques (probably for the strange influence and informs of the ambassador in Spain).

 

When I returned and after talk with several Basque NGO and see that they were not very interested in having cooperation with east Europe, I decide to create my own foundation named Ekialde Foundation (ekialde means east in Basque), dedicated to establish cooperation between Basque Country (and Spain) in economic, cultural, education, and charity with east countries and mainly with Ukraine.

 

Before my visit, me and my wife were thinking in adopt a girl from Russia, but being in Ukraine we decided to change the country and try to adopt the girl in Ukraine, unfortunately we had bad luck and after several trips we finally didn't adopt the girl, although the possibility of doing in a short future is still opened.

 

During 2002 I made 4 trips to Kiev and my Foundation donated 33,000 euros to different charity projects for children.

 

During 2003 the amount of funds donated will be close to 300,000 euros that I have obtained from Basque Government and different City Councils of Basque Country. We have also created in Kiev the Ekialde-Ukraine Foundation, with the friends I made from the Agrarian University of Kiev.

 

Since my first trip to Kiev, I try to follow the Ukrainian news and situation. And always read all the newspapers and magazines wrote in English about Ukraine.

 

Recently I have established contact with the European movement preparatory committee in Ukraine, and settled some basis for cooperation. We are thinking now with their help and kind offer to prepare a visit of a delegation of the Basque parliament to Ukraine, and if we have success in that , we will prepare after it other delegations of entrepreneurs, so we have hope to do interesting things in a short future.

 

The people of the European movement in Ukraine sent me by e-mail the info about the US senate resolution about Ukrainian famine, and after reading it I decide that would be most interesting to preset something similar in the Basque parliament. I will try also to talk with our deputy in the European parliament Mr. Ortuondo, and with our Deputies in the Spanish Parliament, for if they consider interesting to present similar resolutions in those Parliaments, I will inform you if I can convince them to present those texts.

 

Reading about the tragedy of the Ukrainian famine made me remember facts of our Basque history:

During the years 1936-1939 took part the Spanish civil war, fascism against the democratic Republic. Basque National Party positioned itself in favour of democracy, and the Spanish Government and Parliament approved an Statute of Autonomy and a Basque Government was formed. The Basque Government formed mostly with volunteers a Basque army that defended the Basque Country from the advance of the fascists, and as Spain was cut in two parts, there were not contact between the Spanish democratic Government and the Basque Government so our government act almost as an independent one, with army, coin, passports etc etc.

The western democracies made a non intervention pact, so we and the Spanish republic were alone, while The Nazi Germany and the Fascist Italy supported the Franco's fascist army. The German Lutwafe wanted to experiment a new kind of air war, using fighters and bombers against civil population, and they did, for first time in the history aviation was used to destroy civil targets, and Gernika (the holy town of the Basques) was destroyed with lots of dead civilians... The success of the attack convinced the German army to use this tactic in the future wars they would have,, and they did.

The fascist government of Spain developed a big international campaign supported by many foreign journalist denying their responsibility in Gernika Destruction and blaming the Basque Government and army as responsible of destroy their own town. During 40 years the official version told that the Basques burned their Holy town. It is curious that when democracy arrived to Spain the Spanish Parliament rejected in the beginning the responsibility for the destruction of Gernika, and was the German Parliament the first in recognize officially the German authority of the destruction helping the Spanish fascism.

 

Well, you can ask me,, why you tell me that?

 

The USSR supported the Spanish republic against the fascism, and the Basque Government , looking for international solidarity formed a Basque Football team called the EUZKADI (Euzkadi is the name we give to our country), this team make a tour by Europe and was invited to play in France, in other Countries and also in the USSR. They played in Tblisi, in Moscow and in Kiev. On May 1937 our selection played a match against the Dynamo of Kiev in Kiev, and received the solidarity of Kiev population, it was a shown of solidarity of the Ukrainian people with Basque Country.

 

May be some of the players that play the brotherhood match against our Basque team were part of the Dynamo of Kiev players that were killed in 1942 by the Nazi Germans when they defended the Ukrainian national proudness in the Stadium.

 

Best wishes

XABIER ORMAETXEA


Material compiled, edited and posted by the www.ArtUkraine.com  Information Service (ARTUIS) Washington, D.C. and Kyiv, Ukraine
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